Heroines Past

Cinderella

Reproduction of Jo Spence's BA thesis. Written in 1982, this landmark thesis aimed to untangle interconnected gender and class oppressions in historic fairy tales....

Jo Spence

Over her long career, Jo Spence moved from capturing moments of domestic happiness in commercial photography to works that challenged capitalism and sexism,before focusing on questions of illness and healing as she battled with breast...

Karimeh Abbud

Palestinian photographer, born in Bethlehem, later moved to Jerusalem, and died in Nazareth.She was unknown to historians or photographers, until 2007....

Mary Dillwyn Photograph

Mary Dillwyn

Pioneering photographer who worked during the 1840s and 1850s, is widely considered to be the earliest female photographer in Wales....

Eve Arnold

Photographer who rebelled against the homogeneous narrative with which women were typically represented in the public eye....

Hannah Höch

From being the only woman associated with the Berlin Dada movement to evolving her craft for more than half a decade, Hannah Höch created photomontages that commented on politics, gender roles and popular culture....

Alphabetical List

A

  • Aase Goldsmith (1942 – 2015)
  • Abigail Heyman (1942 – 2013)
  • Agnes Varda (1928 – 2019)
  • Alexandra Boulat (1962 – 2007)
  • Alice Austin (1866 – 1952)
  • Alice Guy Blaché (1873 – 1968)
  • Alice Schalek (1874 – 1956)
  • Alison Gernsheim (1911 – 1969)
  • Amelia Elizabeth Guppy (1808 – 1886)
  • Ana Mendieta (1948 – 1985)
  • Anja Niedringhaus (1965 – 2014)
  • Ann Cooke (1796 – 1870)
  • Anna Atkins (1799 – 1871)
  • Anne Brigman (1869 – 1950)
  • Anne Fischer (1915 – 1986)
  • Anni Schulz  (1897 – N/K)
  • Annie Blake (1848 – 1928)
  • Anno Wilms (1935 – 2016)
  • Arlene Gottfried (1950 – 2017)

B

  • Barbara Pflaum  (1912 – 2002)
  • Beatrice Freyberger  (1901 – N/K)
  • Běla Kolářová (1923 – 2010)
  • Berenice Abbott (1898 – 1991)
  • Bertha Beckmann (1815 – 1901)
  • Bessie Raynor Parkes (1829 – 1925)
  • Betti Mautner (1892 – 1988)
  • Birgit Jürgenssen (1949 – 2003)
  • Blanche Henrietta Pechell née Shelley (1841 – 1898)
  • Bobbi Baker Burrows (1945 – 2018)

C

  • Camilla Koffler/Ylla (1911 – 1955)
  • Carolee Schneemann (1939 – 2019)
  • Caroline Emily Nevill, Lady  (1829 – 1887)
  • Caroline Margaret Kerrison, Lady (1819 – 1895)
  • Caroline Taylor (1810 – 1876)
  • Catherine Leroy (1944 – 2006)
  • Catherine Verschoyle (1800 – 1882)
  • Cecilia Glaisher (1828 – 1892)
  • Christina Broom (1862 – 1939)
  • Claude Cahun (1894 – 1954)
  • Clementina Hawarden, Lady (1822 – 1865)
  • Compton Collier (1899 – 19770
  • Constance Fox Talbot (1811 – 1880)
  • Consuelo Kanaga (1894 – 1978)
  • Corrinne Day (1962 – 2010)
  • Constance Stuart Larrabee (1914 – 2000)

D

  • Diane Arbus  (1923 – 1971)
  • Dickey Chapelle  (1918 – 1965)
  • Dora Horovitz (1897 – 1979)
  • Dora Kallmus/Madame D’Ora (1881-1963)
  • Doreathea Lange (1895 – 1965)
  • Dorothy Frances Edith Wilding (1893 – 1976)

E

  • E Lennie (1840 – 1971)
  • E Toussaint Welcome, Madame (1885 – 1956)
  • Edith Barakovitch (1896 – 1940)
  • Edith Glogau  (1898 – 1970)
  • Edith Tudor Hart  (1908 – 1973)
  • Elizabeth Anne Finn née McCaul  (1825 – 1921)
  • Elizabeth Eastlake, Lady  (1809 – 1893)
  • Elizabeth Fulhame (fl. 1794)
  • Elizabeth Louisa How  (1821 – 1893)
  • Elizabeth Stockdale Wilkinson  (1799 – 1871)
  • Elizabeth Vignoles  (1813 – 1880)
  • Elizabeth Withington née Kirby  (1825 – 1877)
  • Elly Niebuhr  (1914 – 2013
  • Else Ernestine Neuländer-Simon/Yva  (1900 – 1944)
  • Emily Anne Payne-Frankland,Lady (1821 – 1913)
  • Emma Barton  (1872 – 1938)
  • Emma Frances Johnston  (1834 – 1905)
  • Emma Thomasina Llewellyn née Talbot  (1808 – 1881)
  • Emmy Bernatzik  (1904 – 1977)
  • Erika Hubatschek  (1917 – 2010)
  • Esther Bubley  (1921 – 1998)
  • Eugenie Goldstern  (1893 – 1942)
  • Eva Besnyö  (1910 – 2003)
  • Eve Arnold  (1912 – 2012)
  • Evelyn Hofer  (1922 – 2009)

F

  • Fay Godwin (1931 – 2005)
  • Florence Henri  (1893 – 1982)
  • Florestine Perrault Collins (1895 – 1988)
  • Frances Anna Georgiana Kinnaird née Ponsonby, Lady  (1817 – 1910)
  • Frances Elizabeth Bree*  (1795 – 1906)
  • Frances Jocelyn, Lady  (1820 – 1880)
  • Frances Monteith  (1805 – 1898)
  • Frances Sally Day  (1816 – 1892)
  • Francesca Woodman (1958 – 1981)
  • Franki Raffles (1955 – 1995)
  • Franziska Möllinger  (1817 – 1880)
  • Friedl Dicker  (1911 – 1944)
* dates not verified

G

  • Galina Sanko  (1904 – 1981)
  • Gerda Taro  (1910 – 1937)
  • Germaine Krull  (1879 – 1985)
  • Gerti Deutsch (1908 – 1972)
  • Gertrude Käsebier  (1852 – 1934)
  • Geta Brătescu  (1926 – 2018)
  • Gisèle Freund  (1908 – 2000)
  • Gisèle Wulfsohn  (1957 – 2011)
  • Grete Kolliner   (1892 – 1933)

H

  • Hanna Maynard  (1834 – 1918)
  • Hannah Höch  (1889 – 1978)
  • Hannah Wilke  (1940-1993)
  • Hansel Mieth (1909 – 1998)
  • Harriet Ann Tucker (1808 – 1875)
  • Harriet Tytler  (1828 – 1907)
  • Hazel Larsen Arche  (1921 – 2001)
  • Helen Chadwick  (1953 – 1996)
  • Helen Gee  (1919 – 2004)
  • Helen Levitt  (1913 – 2009)
  • Henrietta Augusta Nevill , Lady  (1830 – 1912)
  • Hilla Becher  (1934 – 2015)
  • Homai Vyarawalla  (1913 – 2012)

I

  • Ida Kar  (1908 – 1974)
  • Ilsa Stern  (1912 – 1970)
  • Ilse Bing  (1899 – 1998)
  • Imogen Cunningham  (1883 – 1976)
  • Inge Morath  (1923 – 2002)
  • Ingeborg Strobl  (1949 – 2017)
  • Ira Wright Martin  (1886 – 1960)
  • Isabel Agnes Cowper  (1826 – 1911)

J

  • Jan Groover  (1943 – 2012)
  • Jane Bown  (1925 – 2014)
  • Jane Martha (1801 – 1882)
  • Jane Wigley (1820 – 1883)
  • Jennie Louise Van Der Zee/Madame E Toussaint Welcome  (1885 – 1956)
  • Jessica Piazzi Smyth (1815 – 1896)
  • Jessie Fergus (1794 – 1863)
  • Jessie Mann (1805 – 1867)
  • Jessie Tarbox Beals (1870 – 1942)
  • Jo Spence (1934 – 1992)
  • Julia Margaret Cameron (1815 – 1870)
  • Julia Pirotte (1907 – 2000)
  • Julia Shannon (1812 – 1852)
  • Justine Henrietta Ross née Macrae (1813 – 1894)

K

  • Karimeh Abbud  (1893 – 1940)
  • Kati Horna  (1912 – 2000)
  • Khadija Saye  (1992 – 2017)

L

  • Lallie Charles (1869 – 1919)
  • Laura Aguilar  (1959 – 2018)
  • Laura Gilpin  (1891 – 1979)
  • Laure Albin-Guillot (1879 -1962)
  • Lee Miller  (1907 – 1977)
  • Lena Connell  (1875 – 1949)
  • Lilian Maria Fayer  (1917 – 2014)
  • Lillian Bassman  (1917 – 2012)
  • Linda McCartney (1941 – 1998)
  • Lisa Larsen (1925 – 1959)
  • Lisette Model  (1901 – 1983)
  • Lola Álvarez Bravo (1903 – 1993)
  • Lora Webb Nichols  (1883 – 1962)
  • Lotte Hendrich-Hassman (1932 – 2007)
  • Lotte Jacobi  (1896 – 1990)
  • Louise Dahl-Wolf (1895 – 1989)
  • Lucia Moholy/Schulz (1894 – 1989)

M

  • Madame d’Ora/Dora Kallmus (1881 – 1963)
  • Madame E Toussaint Welcome/Jennie Louise Van Der Zee (1885 – 1956)
  • Madame Yevonde/Yevonde Middleton  (1893 – 1975)
  • Margaret Bourke-White  (1904 – 1971)
  • Margaret Dreghorn Baillie  (1821 – 1870)
  • Margaret Harker  (1920 – 2013)
  • Margaret J Newton (fl. 1849)
  • Margarethe Gross  (1902 – 1985)
  • Margarita “Rita” Weir Martin (1875 – 1958)
  • Maria Chambefort  (1818 – 1875)
  • Mariana Yampolsky (1925 – 2002)
  • Marianne Bergler (1897 – 1980)
  • Marie Cosindas  (1923 – 2017)
  • Marie Hansen (1918 – 1969)
  • Marion Palfi  (1907 – 1978)
  • Marion Post Wolcott  (1910 – 1990)
  • Marta Hoepffner  (1912 – 2000)
  • Martha Holmes (1923 – 2006)
  • Martine Franck  (1938 – 2012)
  • Mary Ann Robb  (1829 – 1912)
  • Mary Dillwyn  (1816 – 1906)
  • Mary Ellen Mark  (1940 – 2015)
  • Mary Emma Lynn  (1813 – 1903)
  • Mary Jane Matheson née Percival, Lady  (1821 – 1896)
  • Mary Rosse, Lady (1813 – 1885)
  • Maud Sulter  (1960 – 2008)

N

  • Nancy Newhall  (1908 – 1974)
  • Nancy Sheung  (1914 – 1979)
  • Nina Leen (1909 – 1995)
  • Norah Lyle-Smyth  (1874 – 1963)

O

  • Olive Cotton ( 1911 – 2003)
  • Olive Edis  (1876 – 1955)
  • Ottilia Reizman  (1914 – 1986)

P

  • Pauline Trevelyan, Lady (1816 – 1866)
  • Penny Tweedie  (1940 – 2011)
  • Pepa Feldscharek  (1899 – 1962)
  • Polixeni Papapetrou   (1960 – 2018)

Q

Why not be the first to nominate a historical or legacy Heroine whose name begins with Q?

R

  • Rita (Margarita) Weir Martin (1875 – 1958)
  • Rosa Jenik  (1853 – 1913)
  • Ruby Washington  (1952 – 2018)
  • Ruth Bernhard  (1905 – 2006)
  • Ruth Orkin  (1921 – 1985)

S

  • Sarah Holcomb (early 19th C.)
  • Sarah Louise Judd  (1802 – 1886)
  • Shima Ryū  (1823 – 1900)
  • Shirley Baker  (1932 – 2014)
  • Susan Eliza Evans née Gisborne  (1834 – 1891)
  • Sibylle Bergemann (1941 – 2010)

T

  • Thereza Story-Maskelyne (1834 – 1926)
  • Tina Modotti (1896 – 1942)
  • Tish Murtha (1956 – 2013)
  • Toni Frissell (1907 – 1988)
  • Trude Fleischmann  (1895 – 1990)
  • Trude Geiringer (1890 – 1981)

U

Why not be the first to nominate a historical or legacy Heroine whose name begins with U?

V

W

  • Winifred Casson  (1908 – 1969)

XYZ

Historical Heroines

Active at some point between the late 18th Century
and the mid-20th Century

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Legacy Heroines

Active at some point between the mid-20th Century
and the present day

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In 2019, we asked the public to choose their top Hundred from this list.  The results can be found here